Anxi Tieguanyin Tea: One of the Top Ten Chinese Teas 中国十大名茶:安溪铁观音

安溪铁观音原产于福建省安溪县西坪尧阳,属青茶类,是我国乌龙茶中的极品,也是我国十大名茶之一,历次参加国内外博览会都独占魁首,多次获奖,享有盛誉。
Anxi Tieguanyin Tea originates in Xiping Village in Anxi County in Fujian Province. Being an exquisite Oolong tea and one of the top ten famous Chinese teas, the tea has won many awards in domestic and international fairs.
安溪铁观音茶历史悠久,素有茶王之称。据载,安溪铁观音茶起源于清雍正年问(1725-1735年)。安溪县境内多山,气候温暖,雨量充足,茶树生长茂盛,茶树品种繁多,姹紫嫣红,冠绝全国。
Long known as the King of Tea, the tea is said to have been discovered in Yongzheng Period of the Qing Dynasty (1725-1735). With a mountainous landscape, warm climate and sufficient rainfalls, various tea trees grow lushly in this region and win praise from the whole country.
安溪铁观音茶,一年可采四期茶,分春茶、夏茶、暑茶、秋茶。制茶品质以春茶为最佳。采茶日之气候以晴天有北风天气为好,这种气候之下所采制茶的品质最好。因此,当地采茶多在晴天上午10时至下午3时前进行。铁观音的制作工序与一般乌龙茶的制法基本相同,但摇青转数较多,凉青时间较短。一般在傍晚前晒青,通宵摇青、凉青,次日晨完成发酵,再经炒揉烘焙,历时一昼夜。其制作工序分为晒青、摇青、凉青、杀青、切揉、初烘、包揉、复烘、烘干9道工序。其做青为形成"铁观音"茶色、香、味的关键。毛茶再经过筛分、风选、拣剔、干燥、匀堆等精制过程后,即成为品茶。优质铁观音茶质高超,独具风韵,品饮安溪铁观音是一种美的修养、美的享受。
Harvesting takes place 4 times a year, so as to make Spring tea, Midsummer tea, Late summer tea and Autumn tea, among which the Spring tea possesses the best quality. Picking is usually done between 10 am to 3 pm on sunny days with a north wind is considered to be the best picking period. The processing is basically the same as other Oolong teas, except for a longer tossing time and a shorter cooling time. Nine steps are included in processing, namely, sun withering, tossing, cooling, water removing, first rolling, cutting and rolling, packed rolling, second baking, and drying. Sun withering usually takes place before sunset, tossing and cooling often at night, fermentation the next morning and then comes frying, rolling, baking and roasting. The process of making green is the key to ensuring the color, aroma and taste of the tea. The primary tea needs to go through screening, selection by winnowing, sorting, drying and piling to become the final product. Tasting Anxi Tieguanyin, a tea of unique flavor, is an incredible experience.
品质优异的安溪铁观音茶条索肥壮紧结,质重如铁,芙蓉沙绿明显,青蒂绿,红点明,甜花香高,甜醇厚鲜爽,具有独特的品味,回味香甜浓郁,冲泡7次仍有余香;汤色金黄,叶底肥厚柔软,艳亮均匀,叶缘红点,青心红镶边。
Quality Anxi Tieguanyin tea strips are tight, strong and heavy. The tea leaves have a glossy appearance, with a granulated green color, red spots and white frost. Its strong sweet and mellow taste lingers even after brewing the tea seven times. The tea is golden in color and the steeped leaves are fat and soft in bright even color, with the leaf margin scattered with red spots and the middle part of the leaves remaining green.
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