Chinese language vocabulary 汉语词汇 怀橘遗亲 Take Oranges for Parent

lù jì sānɡuó shíqī wúɡuó wúxiàn huátínɡ(jīn shànɡhǎishì sōnɡjiānɡ)rén kēxuéjiā
陆绩,三国时期吴国吴县华亭(今上海市松江)人,科学家。

 

liùsuì shí suí fùqin lùkānɡ dào jiǔjiānɡ yèjiàn yuánshù
六岁时,随父亲陆康到九江谒见袁术,

 

yuánshù náchū júzi zhāodài lùjì wǎnɡ huáilǐ cánɡle liǎnɡɡe júzi
袁术拿出橘子招待,陆绩往怀里藏了两个橘子。

 

línxínɡshí júzi ɡǔnluò dìshànɡ yuánshù cháoxiào dào
临行时,橘子滚落地上,袁术嘲笑道:

 

lùlánɡ lái wǒjiā zuòkè zǒude shíhòu háiyào huáicánɡ zhǔrénde júzi mɑ
“陆郎来我家作客,走的时候还要怀藏主人的橘子吗?”

 

lùjì huídá shuō mǔqin xǐhuān chī júzi wǒxiǎnɡ náhuíqù sònɡɡěi mǔqin chánɡchánɡ
陆绩回答说:“母亲喜欢吃橘子,我想拿回去送给母亲尝尝。”

 

yuánshù jiàntā xiǎoxiǎo niánjì jiùdǒnɡde xiàoshùn mǔqin shífēn jīnɡqí
袁术见他小小年纪就懂得孝顺母亲,十分惊奇。

 

lùjì chénɡniánhòu bóxuéduōshí tōnɡxiǎo tiānwén lìsuàn
陆绩成年后,博学多识,通晓天文、历算,

 

cénɡzuò hùntiāntú zhù yìjīnɡ zhuànxiě tàixuánjīnɡzhù
曾作《浑天图》,注《易经》,撰写《太玄经注》。

 

Lu Ji was a man of Huating, Wu County (today’s Songjiang, Shanghai) in the period of the Three Kingdoms and a scientist. When he was six years old, he went to Jiujiang with his father to call upon Yuan Shu. The latter entertained them with oranges and Lu Ji hided two oranges under his clothes. When they departed, the oranges fell to the ground and Yuan Shu laughed: "You came to my home as a guest. Why should you take away the host’s oranges when you leave?" Lu Ji answered: "My mother likes to eat oranges and I want to take them back for my mother." Yuan Shu was very surprised to learn he was pious to his mother at such a young age. When Lu Ji was grown up, he was knowledgeable and knew astronomy and the calendar. He drew the Armillary Sphere Map, annotated the Book of Changes and wrote the Annotations on Canon of Supreme Mystery.

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