Hakka is a dialect (客家话 Kèjiāhuà) of China comes from migration culture. It is actually a selecion of Chinese spoken in south eastern China, parts of Taiwan and in the New Territories of Hong Kong. There are also considerable communities of Hakka speakers in this kind of countries like the USA, French Guiana, Mauritius along with the UK. The total number of Hakka speakers is mainly about 40 million. The name of the language, signifies ‘guest language’.
People of Hakka have a long history of migration. Hakka history states that their ancestors originated from Shandong (山东 Shāndōng) or Shanxi (山西 Shānxī) provinces in northern China. They began their first wave of migration amongst the forth and ninth centuries, traveling from Henan (河南 Hénán) and the adjoining northern provinces intoanhui (安徽 Anhuī) and its vicinity.
It is between the 9th and 12th centuries that the second wave of migration took place, once the Hakka migrated along the mountains and foothills of eastern Jiangxi (江西 Jiāngxī) into south Jiangxi and inland Fujian (福建 Fújiàn).
A last wave of migration took place during the 12th and 17th centuries, as Hakka moved into northeast Guangdong (广东 Guǎngdōng) province. The Cantonese of Guangdong saw the Hakka as poor, uneducated and uncultured. The Hakka considered the Cantonese greedy, unrefined southerners.
After those three waves of migration Hakka began their life in the new place. Thier language thus began to develop and spead.