Hani Polyphonic Folk Song 哈尼族多声部民歌

Time: 2006
Category: Folk Music
Region: Yunnan
Ref. No.: II-30
Nominating unit(s): Honghe County, Honghe Hani and Yi Nationalities Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province
Hani polyphonic folk song enjoys a long history and is mainly popular in several Hani villages centering on Puchun Village in Honghe County, Honghe Hani and Yi nationalities Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province.
The themes of Hani polyphonic folk song include the praise of labor, love, beautiful hilly rural area and the like. Some of its representatives are Wuchu A’ci (Mountain Song of Transplant Seedlings) and Love Song. Hani polyphonic folk song is performed in two modes. One is accompanied with instrument, and the other is not accompanied with instrument but supported by chorus. It can be sung in a great variety of occasions such as terraces, mountain forests and stockaded villages.
The accompanying instruments are all worked out by folk singers themselves, and the three-string and small two-stringed Chinese fiddle are only played in Puchun Village.
The words of the beginning singing, subject singing and the chorus make up a basic short stanza. From perspectives of stanza structure, mode and tonic row, mode style, mode combination and polyphonic component, Hani polyphonic folk song displays distinctive national and regional characteristics.
Hani polyphonic folk song is a crystallization of the music wisdom and talent of Hani people, demonstrating their unique singing aptitude.
Through field study, relevant experts collected and recorded 8-tone primitive Hani polyphonic folk song which was rarely heard before, and which is highly valuable in historical, scientific and artistic aspects. Hani polyphonic folk song, the folk music treasure of Chinese nation, has attracted wide attention in the music industry at home and abroad.
Created during social production, especially rice farming in terraced field, it provides significant information for studying the culture, ethnic character and aesthetic concepts of Hani people.
Confined in the naturally enclosed environment of Ailao Mountain, Hani polyphonic folk song solely relies on folk singers in terms of its inheritance. Although it has aroused wide attention and concern from music men and anthropological experts, it has failed to deserve organized and planned protection for a long time, leading to a diminishing number of singers with overall polyphonic music quality. This valuable folk song is now on the brink of extinction.
车格 陈习娘 郎加木 芒来 温桂元
Che Ge, Chen Xiniang, Lang Jiamu, Mang Lai, and Wen Guiyuan.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *